PURPOSE LEGISLATION STATUS (PSEUDOWETGEVING) AGAINST LEGAL REGULATIONS (ACCORDING TO LAW NUMBER 12 OF 2011 JO. LAW NUMBER 15 OF 2019 REGARDING THE ESTABLISHMENT OF LEGISLATION REGULATIONS)

Grace Sharon, Bintang Aulia Hutama, Levina Yustitianingtyas, Anang Dony Irawan

Abstract


Pseudo-legislation (pseudovetgeving) in the Dutch Legal Dictionary is defined as “regelstelling door een bettokken bestuursorgaan zonder dat dit op grond van een uitdrukkelijke wettelijke bepaling die bevoegdheid bezit”. Which can be understood as a regulation made by the competent Administrative Body but the policy does not have the power based on explicit statutory provisions. In writing this article, there are three main ideas related to the background of the problems raised, namely the use of the legal system by the Indonesian state which is more inclined to the common law system or civil law system, the ordering of laws and regulations in Indonesia, and the position of pseudo legislation (pseudowetgeving) or policy regulations (beleidsregels) against existing laws and regulations in Indonesia. To provide comprehensive results, in writing articles used research methods that are normative juridical. The conclusions obtained in this study are that Indonesia is a state of law with a civil law system character that makes so many legal products issued by the executive body, including pseudo legislation. However, this is not explicitly regulated in Law Number 12 of 2011 Jo. Law Number 15 of 2019 concerning the Establishment of Legislation, but it is implied in the regulation of the National Archives of the Republic of Indonesia Number 5 of 2021 concerning General Guidelines for the Administration of Service Manuscripts, specifically in the section "regulation official documents and determination official documents". The conclusions obtained in this study are that Indonesia is a state of law with a civil law system character that makes so many legal products issued by the executive body, including pseudo legislation. However, this is not explicitly regulated in Law No. 12 of 2011 Jo. Law Number 15 of 2019 concerning the Establishment of Legislation, but it is implied in the regulation of the National Archives of the Republic of Indonesia Number 5 of 2021 concerning General Guidelines for the Administration of Service Manuscripts, specifically in the section "regulation official documents and determination official documents". The conclusions obtained in this study are that Indonesia is a state of law with a civil law system character that makes so many legal products issued by the executive body, including pseudo legislation. However, this is not explicitly regulated in Law Number 12 of 2011 Jo. Law Number 15 of 2019 concerning the Establishment of Legislation, but it is implied in the regulation of the National Archives of the Republic of Indonesia Number 5 of 2021 concerning General Guidelines for the Administration of Service Manuscripts, specifically in the section "regulation official documents and determination official documents".

Keywords: Pseudo-Legislation (Pseudowetgeving); Hierarchy Of Laws And Regulations; Civil Law System.


Full Text:

PDF

References


A Hamid S. Attamimi, Peranan Keputusan Presiden Republik Indonesia dalam Penyelenggaraan Pemerintah Negara (suatu studi analisis mengenai keputusan Presiden yang berfungsi pengaturan dalam kurun waktu Pelita I Pelita VI), Disertasi Doktor Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, 1990.

Achmad Irwan Hamzani. “Menggagas Indonesia Sebagai Negara Hukum yang Membahagiakan Rakyatnya”. Jurnal Yustisia Ed. 90 Sept - Des 2014. https://doi.org/10.20961/yustisia.v3i3.29562.

Arifin, F. (2021). Pengujian Peraturan Kebijakan Dalam Sistem Peradilan Di Indonesia. Litigasi, 22(1), 133–156. https://doi.org/10.23969/litigasi.v22i1.3751

Asshiddiqie, Jimly. (2011). Gagasan Negara Hukum Indonesia. Academia.

Asshiddiqie, Jimmly. (2014). Pengantar Ilmu Hukum Tata Negara. Jakarta: PT. Rajagrafindo Persada.

Azhary, T. (1992). Negara Hukum. Jakarta: Bulan Bintang.

Azhary, T. (1995). Negara Hukum Indonesia. Jakarta: UI-Press.

Basah, S. (1985). Eksistensi dan Tolok Ukur Badan Peradilan Administrasi di Indonesia. Bandung: Alumni.

Budiardjo, M. (1982). Dasar-Dasar Ilmu Politik. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Elviandri, Dimyati, K., & Absori. (2019). Quo Vadis Negara Kesejahteraan: Meneguhkan Ideologi Welfare State Negara Hukum Kesejahteraan Indonesia. Mimbar Hukum - Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada, 31(2), 252–266.

Ernest a. Young, 2007. “The Constitution Outside the Constitution”. The Yale Law Journal.

Fockema, A. (1985). Juridisch Woordenboek. Nederland: Tjeenk Willink.

Hadjon, P. M. (1987). Perlindungan Hukum bagi Rakyat Di Indonesia. Surabaya: Bina Ilmu.

Hadjon, P. M. (2005). Pengantar Hukum Administrasi Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press.

Hamzani, A. I. (2014). Menggagas Indonesia Sebagai Negara Hukum yang Membahagiakan Rakyatnya. Jurnal Yustisia Ed. 90 Sept - Des 2014, 3(3), 136–142. https://doi.org/10.31090/hukumbisnis.v3i1.829

HR, R. (2011). Hukum Administrasi Negara. Jakarta: PT. Rajagrafindo Persada.

Kelsen, H. (1945). General Theory of Law and State. New York: Russell & Russell.

Manan, B. (1992). Dasar-Dasar PerUndang-Undangan Indonesia. Jakarta: IND-HILL.CO.

Marbun, S. (1997). Negara Hukum Dan Kekuasaan Kehakiman. Ius Quia Iustum Law Journal of Islamic University of Indonesia, 6(9).

Maria Farida Indrati S, Ilmu PerUndang-Undangan, (Yogyakarta : Kanisius,2019).

Marzuki, P. M. (2014). Penelitian Hukum. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Nehru Asyikin, “Pengujian Freies Ermessen Atas Legislasi Semu Kepala Daerah”, HES (Jurnal Hukum Ekonomi Syariah), Volume 3, Nomor 1, April 2020 : 79-95, DOI: 10.30595/jhes.v0i0.7171

Peraturan Arsip Nasional Republik Indonesia Nomor 5 Tahun 2021 Tentang Pedoman Umum Tata Naskah Dinas

Ridlwan, Z. (2012). Eksistensi Ptun Sebagai Wujud Perlindungan Hukum Kepada Warga Negara Dari Sikap Tindak Administrasi Negara. Fiat Justitia Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Volume, 5(2), 141–152. https://doi.org/10.31943/yustitia.v7i2.144

Soeprapto, M. F. I. (2007). Ilmu PerUndang-Undangan. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

The Robbins Collection. 2010. “The Common Law And Civil Law Traditions”. Diakses tanggal 01 Maret 2022.https://www.law.berkeley.edu/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/CommonLawCivilLawTraditions.pdf

Undang-Undang Dasar 1945, (Jakarta : Permata Press, 2011).

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 12 Tahun 2011 Tentang Pembentukan Peraturan PerUndang-Undangan yang telah diubah dengan Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 15 Tahun 2019 Tentang Perubahan Atas Undang-Undang Nomor 12 Tahun 2011 Tentang Pembentukan Peraturan PerUndang-Undangan

Wade, H. W. . (1971). Administrative Law. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Young, E. A. (2007). The Constitution Outside the Constitution. The Yale Law Journal.

Zafrullah Salim, Artikel Hukum Tata Negara dan Peraturan PerUndang-Undangan Legislasi Semu (Pseudowetgeving), 10 Mei 2011.

Zulkarnain Ridlwan. 2014. “Negara Hukum Indonesia Kebalikan Nachtwachterstaat”. Fiat Justisia: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum 5 (2). https://doi.org/10.25041/fiatjustisia.v5no2.56.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31000/jhr.v11i2.8338

Article Metrics

Abstract - 298 PDF - 177

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed by:



Web Analytics Made Easy - StatCounter

View My Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.