PENGARUH PENGEMBANGAN SDM TERHADAP KOMPETENSI KARYAWAN YANG BERDAMPAK PADA EFEKTIVITAS ORGANISASI DI INDUSTRI AIR MINUM

Dany Jaya Wardana, Rina Anindita

Abstract


Drinking water is the livelihood of many people, therefore in

order to meet these needs, the drinking water management industry must be able to provide an excellent services in every aspect of quality, quantity and continuity. To achieve this goal, the organizational need a competent employees, so they could run the company effectively. Therefore, this study aims to examine the effect of human resource development programs that is training, talent management, and performance management on competencies that have an impact on organizational effectiveness in the drinking water management industry. The sampling method is purposive sampling, that have 252 sample of employees who work in drinking water management industry. This type of research is deductive with data collection by distributing questionnaires. The analytical method used is the Structural Equation Model (SEM). The results of these study conclude that there is an effect of training on competencies, there is an effect of talent management on competencies, there is an effect of performance management on competencies, and there is an effect of competent employees to an organizational effectiveness. The role of employee competence as a media variable has been proven to influence the role of training, talent management, and performance management to increase organizational effectiveness. The implication of this research is that a leaders should provide training and development to improve their employee competencies, so that they can increase organizational effectiveness in order to improve services to the community in terms of drinking water services

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agustiani, F. N., & Sadana. (2019). Pengaruh Manajemen Talenta dan Kompetensi terhadap Kinerja Karyawan PT. Bank Rakyat Indonesia (Persero) Tbk. Jurnal Riset Perbankan Manajemen Dan Akuntansi, 3(2), 100–131.

Alimudin, A. (2017). Peran Sistem Manajemen Kinerja, Kompetensi Pegawai dan Promosi Jabatan dalam Meningkatkan Kinerja Pegawai. Jurnal Ekonomi Modernisasi, 13(3), 155. https://doi.org/10.21067/jem.v13i3.2023

Alwi, M. (2017). Pengaruh Kompensasi, Kompetensi, Dan Motivasi Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan CV. XYZ. Jurnal Logika Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati, XIX(1), 73–87.

Anggarani, A., Prasetyoning, W., & Nurhasanah, N. (2021). Effect Of Work Safety, Employee Competence OnvEmployee Work Productivity Through Customer Satisfaction at PT. PLN (PERSERO) Jakarta. 12.

Armstrong, M., & Baron, A. (2006). Perfomance management: A strategic and Integrated approach to achieve success. 466.

Baird, L., & Meshoulam, I. (1988). Managing Two Fits of Strategic Human Resource Management. Academy of Management Review, 13(1), 116–128. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.1988.4306802

Basol, E., & Dogerlioglu, O. (2014). Structural Determinants of Organizational Effectiveness. Journal of Organizational Management Studies, 2014, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.5171/2014.273364

Cappelli, P. (2008). Talent Management for the Twenty- First Century Talent Management for the Twenty- First Century How We Got Here. Harvard Business Review, 1–9. www.hbr.org

Conti, G. (2005). Training, productivity and wages in Italy. Labour Economics, 12(4), 557–576. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.labeco.2005.05.007

Damanik, Y. R. (2020). Pengaruh Talent Management Dan Self Efficacy Melalui Motivasi Terhadap Kinerja Pegawai Dinas Kependudukan Dan Catatan Sipil Kabupaten Simalungun. 4–16.

Darmadi. (2008). Buku Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia (Issue July).

Davies, B., & Davies, B. J. (2010). Talent management in academies. International Journal of Educational Management, 24(5), 418–426. https://doi.org/10.1108/09513541011055983

E. A. El Dahshan, M., Ismail Keshk, L., & Dorgham, L. S. (2018). Talent Management and Its Effect on Organization Performance among Nurses at Shebin El -Kom Hospitals. International Journal of Nursing, 5(2), 108–123. https://doi.org/10.15640/ijn.v5n2a10

Gold, A. H., Malhotra, A., & Segars, A. H. (2001). Knowledge management: An organizational capabilities perspective. Journal of Management Information Systems, 18(1), 185–214. https://doi.org/10.1080/07421222.2001.11045669

Hair, J. F., Sarstedt, M., Hopkins, L., & Kuppelwieser, V.

G. (2014). Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM): An emerging tool in business research. European Business Review, 26(2), 106– 121. https://doi.org/10.1108/EBR-10-2013-0128

Išoraitė, M. (2005). Evaluating efficiency and effectiveness in transport organizations. Transport, 20(6), 240–247. https://doi.org/10.1080/16484142.2005.9638027

Kinicki, A. J., Jacobson, K. J. L., Peterson, S. J., & Prussia,

G. E. (2013). Development and Validation of the Performance Management Behavior Questionnaire. Personnel Psychology, 66(1), 1–45. https://doi.org/10.1111/peps.12013

Luna-Arocas, R., & Morley, M. J. (2015). Talent management, talent mindset competency and job performance: The mediating role of job satisfaction. European Journal of International Management, 9(1), 28–51. https://doi.org/10.1504/EJIM.2015.066670

Marković, M. R. (2008). Managing the organizational change and culture in the age of globalization. Journal of Business Economics and Management, 9(1), 3–11.https://doi.org/10.3846/1611-1699.2008.9.3-11

Marler, J. H. (2012). Strategic human resource management in context: A historical and global perspective. Academy of Management Perspectives, 26(2), 6–11.

https://doi.org/10.5465/amp.2012.0063

Montesino, M. U. (2002). Strategic alignment of training, transfer-enhancing behaviors, and training usage: A posttraining study. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 13(1), 89–108. https://doi.org/10.1002/hrdq.1015

Muslim, A., Harun, A., Ismael, D., & Othman, B. (2020). Social media experience, attitude and behavioral intention towards umrah package among generation X and Y. Management Science Letters, 10(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.5267/j.msl.2019.8.020

Nisa, R. C., Astuti, E. S., & Prasetya, A. (2016). Pengaruh Manajemen Talenta dan Manajamen Pengetahuan Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan (Studi pada Karyawan PT. PLN (Persero) Distribusi Jawa Timur, Surabaya). Jurnal Administrasi Bisnis, 32(2), 141–148.

Otoo, F. N. K. (2019). Human resource development (HRD) practices and banking industry effectiveness: The mediating role of employee competencies. European Journal of Training and Development, 43(3–4), 250–271. https://doi.org/10.1108/EJTD-07-2018-0068

Potnuru, R. K. G., & Sahoo, C. K. (2016). HRD interventions, employee competencies and organizational effectiveness: an empirical study. European Journal of Training and Development, 40(5), 345–365. https://doi.org/10.1108/EJTD-02-2016-0008

Pranata, O. S., Astuti, E. S., & Utami, H. N. (2018). Pengaruh Pelatihan Terhadap Kompetensi dan Kinerja Karyawan (Studi Pada Karyawan Tetap di PT Bank Tabungan Pensiunan Nasional Syariah Malang Divisi Mobile Marketing Syariah ). Jurnal Administrasi Bisnis, 61(3), 39–47.

Rao, T. V. (1987). Planning for Human Resources Development. Vikalpa: The Journal for Decision Makers, 12(3), 45–51. https://doi.org/10.1177/0256090919870305

Sadq, Z. M., Othman, B., & Mohammed, H. O. (2020). Attitudes of managers in the Iraqi Kurdistan region private banks towards the impact of knowledge management on organizational effectiveness. Management Science Letters, 10(8), 1835–1842. https://doi.org/10.5267/j.msl.2019.12.035

Santos, A., Gardens, R. B., & Stuart, M. (2003). Employee perceptions and their in u e n c e on training eff e c t i v e n e s s. 13(1), 27–45.

Schriesheim, C. A., & Eisenbach, R. J. (1995). An Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor-Analytic Investigation of Item Wording Effects on the Obtained Factor Structures of Survey Questionnaire Measures. Journal of Management, 21(6), 1177–1193. https://doi.org/10.1177/01492063950210 0609

Shipton, H., Fay, D., West, M., Patterson, M., & Birdi, K. (2005). Managing People to Promote Innovation. Creativity and Innovation Management,14(2), 118– 128. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8691.2005.00332.x

Sidharta, I. (2018). Behavior Performance: A Validity Of Performance Management Behavior Questionnaire (PBQ) Instrument. Jurnal Computech & Bisnis, 12(2), 171–178.

Song, M., Nason, R. W., & Di Benedetto, C. A. (2008). Distinctive marketing and information technology capabilities and strategic types: A cross-national investigation. Journal of International Marketing, 16(1), 4–38. https://doi.org/10.1509/jimk.16.1.4

Steele, D., & Zhang, R. (2016). Enhancement of Teacher Training: Key to Improvement of English Education in Japan. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 217, 16–25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.02.007

Thunnissen, M., Boselie, P., & Fruytier, B. (2013). A review of talent management: “infancy or adolescence?” International Journal of Human Resource Management, 24(9), 1744–1761. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2013.777543

Thunnissen, M., & Buttiens, D. (2017). Talent Management in Public Sector Organizations: A Study on the Impact of Contextual Factors on the TM Approach in Flemish and Dutch Public Sector Organizations. Public Personnel Management, 46(4), 391–418. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091026017721570

Tyas, A. A. W. P., & Nurhasanah, N. (2019). Model Keterkaitan Lingkungan Kerja , Kompetensi , terhadap Keterikatan Kerja melalui Self Efficacy di Balitbang Kementrian Hukum dan HAM RI. Conference Paper, November.

Tyas, A. A. W. P., TIPPE, S., & SUTANTO, S. (2020). Effect Of Organizational Culture , Employee Competency On Self Efficacy And Employee Engagement In Human Resources Development Agency ( Bpsdm ) Ministry Of Law And Human Rights Republ ... Effect Of Organizational Culture, Employee Competency On Self Effi. October, 1–12.

Ulrich, D., Younger, J., Brockbank, W., & Ulrich, M. (2012). HR talent and the new HR competencies. Strategic HR Review, 11(4), 217–222. https://doi.org/10.1108/14754391211234940

Whitfield, G., & Landeros, R. (2006). Supplier diversity effectiveness: Does organizational culture really matter? Journal of Supply Chain Management, 42(4), 16–28. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-493X.2006.00019.x

Yuningsih, E., & Ardianti. (2019). The Effect Of Compotence And Motivation On Employee Performance On PT XXX Erni. Jurnal Visionida, Volume 5 Nomor 1 Juni 2019 PENGARUH, 5, 46–57.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31000/jmb.v11i1.6128

Article Metrics

Abstract - 296 PDF - 134

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.31000/jmb.v11i1.6128.g3226

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.