PROSES METAKOGNITIF MAHASISWA DALAM MENGERJAKAN SOAL HIGHER ORDER THINKING SKILLS DITINJAU DARI GAYA KOGNITIF

Alifiani Alifiani, Sikky El Walida

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan proses metakognitif mahasiswa dalam mengerjakan soal HOTS (Higher Order Thinking Skill) terkait materi aplikasi turunan peubah banyak, khususnya masalah ekstrim (maksimum-minimum) dalam mata kuliah Kalkulus Lanjut ditinjau dari gaya kognitifnya, yaitu Field Independence (FI), Field Dependence (FD), dan Field Neutral (FN). Sesuai dengan tujuan penelitian, pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis deskriptif eksploratif. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah peneliti sebagai instrumen utama, lembar soal, angket analisis gaya kognitif, dan alat rekam. Subjek penelitian terdiri dari 3 orang mahasiswa Pendidikan Matematika Semester 3 di salah satu Perguruan Tinggi di Kota Malang yang dipilih dengan teknik purposive sampling. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah individu FI memiliki proses metakognitif yang lebih baik saat mengerjakan soal HOTS dibandingkan individu FD dan FN. FI melakukan metacognitive evaluation untuk memerika jawaban meski tidak menemui kendala atau kesalahan sedangkan individu FD dan FN baru melakukan metacognitive evaluation dalam memeriksa kembali jawaban ketika sadar bahwa ada kesalahan yang dilakukan. Jadi dapat disimpulkan bahwa individu FI memiliki proses metakognitif yang lebih baik saat mengerjakan soal HOTS dibandingkan individu FD dan FN.

Keywords


Proses metakognitif; Soal HOTS; Field Independence; Field Dependence; Field Neutral

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31000/prima.v4i2.2614

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