Strengthening Pancasila in Religious Life: Pioneering a New Form of Relations between Islam and Pancasila

Ma'mun Murod, Ali Noer Zaman, Djoni Gunanto, Usni Usni


This article has the main discussion on the relationship between Islam and Pancasila. This article aims to find out more about the opinions of Islamic mass organizations leaders about the relationship between Islam and Pancasila. In addition, this article aims to map the views and thoughts of religious leaders about Pancasila in religious life. This article uses explorative interpretive quantitative and qualitative methods. Quantitative data was collected by surveying 40 Muhammadiyah figures, 40 NU figures, and 20 other Islamic mass organizations. The survey was conducted randomly on the figures of Islamic organizations with a random selection of respondents at the national and provincial levels. This survey uses purposed random sampling. This study describes and explains a phenomenon that occurs by using an interpretive understanding approach to reality or the object of research. Through this study it was found that as many as 21% of respondents strongly agree and 79% agree that Pancasila is the basis of the state. Although support for Pancasila as the state ideology is very high, in the related survey there are inconsistencies, namely as many as 33% still crave the presence of the Jakarta Charter in the constitution, while 67% reject related matters. In general, this article argues that the relationship between Islam and Pancasila today is better than before because the majority of Muslims have accepted Pancasila as the basis of the state constitution. it was found that as many as 21% of respondents strongly agree and 79% agree that Pancasila is the basis of the state.


Artikel ini memiliki pembahasan utama tentang hubungan antara Islam dan Pancasila. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui lebih jauh tentang pendapat para tokoh ormas Islam tentang hubungan Islam dan Pancasila. Selain itu, artikel ini bertujuan untuk memetakan pandangan dan pemikiran para pemuka agama tentang Pancasila dalam kehidupan beragama. Artikel ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif dan kualitatif interpretatif eksploratif. Data kuantitatif dikumpulkan dengan mensurvei 40 tokoh Muhammadiyah, 40 tokoh NU, dan 20 tokoh ormas Islam lainnya. Survei dilakukan secara acak terhadap tokoh-tokoh ormas Islam dengan pemilihan responden secara acak di tingkat nasional dan provinsi. Survei ini menggunakan purposed random sampling. Penelitian ini mendeskripsikan dan menjelaskan suatu fenomena yang terjadi dengan menggunakan pendekatan pemahaman interpretative terhadap realitas atau objek penelitian. Melalui penelitian ini ditemukan bahwa sebanyak 21% responden sangat setuju dan 79% setuju bahwa Pancasila adalah dasar negara. Meski dukungan terhadap Pancasila sebagai ideologi negara sangat tinggi, dalam survei terkait terdapat inkonsistensi, yakni sebanyak 33% masih mendambakan kehadiran Piagam Jakarta dalam konstitusi, sedangkan 67% menolak hal terkait. Secara umum, artikel ini berpendapat bahwa hubungan Islam dan Pancasila saat ini lebih baik dari sebelumnya karena mayoritas umat Islam telah menerima Pancasila sebagai dasar konstitusi negara. Ditemukan bahwa sebanyak 21% responden sangat setuju dan 79% setuju bahwa Pancasila adalah dasar negara.


Constitution, Islam, Pancasila

Full Text:



Al-Barbasy, Mm (2016). Islam and the State: The Debate in Making Shari’a Regional Regulations in the City of Tasikmalaya. Afkaruna: Indonesian Journal of Interdisciplinary Islamic Studies, 12(2). 252

Al-Barbasy, Ma’mun Murod. (2012). The Political Ambiguity of the Santri (1st Edition). Grafindo.

Al-Barbasy, Ma’mun Murod. (2018a). Muhammadiyah and Politics: The Dilemma Between Staying Close and Keeping Distance. Contextuality, 34(02), 99–125. 10.30631/kontekstualita.v34i02.40

Al-Barbasy, Ma’mun Murod. (2018b). Politics of Shari’a Regional Regulations: Dialectics of Islam and Pancasila in Indonesia. Muhammad’s voice. Nature, WT (2001). Bung Karno: Guided Democracy, Belonging to the Indonesian People (Speech Collection)(1st edition). grammar.

Azra, A. (2006). Revitalization of Pancasila. In M. Karim (Ed.), Rindu Pancasila (pp. 9- 11). Compass.

Bazzi, S., Gaduh, A., Rothenberg, AD, & Wong, M. (2019). United in diversity? How Intergroup Contacts Can Foster National Development. American Economic Review, 109(11), 3978–4025.

Boland, BJ (1985). The Struggle of Islam in Indonesia (1st Edition). Press Graffiti.

Crouch, H. (1986). Army and Politics in Indonesia. Ray of hope.

Feith, H. (1988). Indonesian political thought 1945-1965 (L. Castles (ed.); first edition). LP3ES.

Hidayat, S. (2016). Pancasila State as Darul “Ahdi Wa Al-Shahadah” Muhammadiyah’s Insights and Contributions for the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia. At Tajdida (Vol. 14, Issue 1, pp. 12-17). view/3167

Jurdi, S. (2008). Indonesian Islamic Political Thought: Linkage of the State, Khilafah, Civil Society and Democracy(1st edition). Student Library.

Liddle, RW (1992). Political parties and participation: Indonesia at the beginning of the New Order(1st edition). The Ultimate Graffiti Library.

Maarif, AS (1996). Islam and State Issues: The Study of Regulation in the Constituent Assembly (1st ed.). LP3ES

Maarif, AS (2001). brought about by the Future Impact. In S. Kurniawan Zein (Ed.), Islamic Sharia Yes, Islamic Sharia No (1st Edition, p. 231). Paramadina.

Maarif, USA (2012, May). When Islam and Pancasila were Friends (1). Republic, 1.

Muzadi, H. (2001). They’re a Fighting Place. In IS Awwas (Ed.), Minutes of the 1st

Mujahideen Congress and the Enforcement of Islamic Sharia (1st Edition, pp. 221– 223). Press Wihdah.

Muzakki, A. (2004). Exploring the Religious & Political Thoughts of Amien Rais the Hero of the Reformation (1st ed.). Basritama Lantern.

Nasution, AB (1995). Aspirations of the Constitutional Government in Indonesia: Socio- Legal Study of the Constituent Assembly 1956-1959(1st edition). The Ultimate Graffiti Library.

Nasution, AH (1977). Around the Indonesian War of Independence, Volume 1 of the Proclamation (1st ed.). Space.

Noer, D. (1987). Islamic parties on the national stage: Stories and Analysis of Indonesian Political Developments 1945-1965 (1st ed., Vol. 24, Issue 2). Press Graffiti.

Commemoration Committee. (1982). Life is fighting: Kasman Singodimedjo 75 years old(1st

edition). Moon Star.

Pour, J. (2009). Doorstoot naar Djokja: Civil-Military Leaders Dispute(1st edition). Compass. PP. Muhammad. (1995). History of Muhammadiyah. Library Assembly.

Ritaudin, MS (2020). The Role and Articulation of Islamic Politics as an Effort of State Spiritualization After the Single Principle of Pancasila. Multicultural Education, 6(1), 59–67.

Rusli, KM (1983). The journey of political parties in Indonesia: A Portrait of the Tides(1st edition). eagle.

Saksono, W. (1995). Islamizing the Land of Java: A Study of the Walisong Da’wah Method (S. Berlian (ed.); 1st ed.). Mizan.

Singodimedjo, K. (1978, September). The Role of Muslims Around August 17, 1945. Pulpit of Ulama, 30.

Sjamsuddin, N. (1993). Dynamics of the Indonesian Political System (1st Edition). grammar.

Sukarno. (2001). The birth of Pancasila. Information Department.

Suratno. (2008). Reconfirmation of the Position of Pancasila Vis-a-Vis Islam. Pass, 24(3), 429–442.

Syaifullah. (1997). Muhammadiyah political movement in Masyumi (1st ed.).

Tempo. (2006, August). Old Problems, New Tensions. Special Report 17/33.

Taba, AA (1996). Islam and the State in New Order Politics. Echoes of Press People.

Wahid, MA (2019). The Struggle of Islam and Politics in Indonesia. Journal of Prophetic Politics, 7(1).


Article Metrics

Abstract - 595 PDF - 493


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Government and Civil Society

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Journal of Government and Civil Society is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License