Deskripsi Tarian Maena sebagai Identitas Suku Nias

Sonny Zaluchu

Abstract


Penelitian ini disusun menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan analisis analisis wacana untuk mengulas dan membahas tarian Maena yang dilakukan pada upacara perkawinan adat suku Nias di Sumatera Utara. Maena adalah tarian budaya yang melibatkan banyak peserta. Hampir semua orang Nias mampu melakukan jenis tarian ini karena mudah dipelajari dan memiliki pola gerakan yang sederhana. Sebagai produk budaya, Maena adalah tanda wacana dengan kandungan bentuk dan makna simbolik. Sehingga, analisis dilakukan dengan pendekatan semiotika dan wacana. Hasilnya, Maena bukan hanya tarian belaka. Selain menjadi alat literasi yang kuat, Maena juga menjadi sebuah identitas dalam struktur budaya suku Nias yang melekat dalam cara hidup bermasyarakat, yang membawa pesan-pesan moral untuk tujuan edukasi dan transformasi paradigma di satu sisi serta kritik sosial pada sisi lainnya. Maena memenuhi tanda sebagai sebuah signifying order yang diterima masyarakat yang dalam kacamata semiotika mengandung unsur ekspresif dan emotif.

Kata kunci: Maena, budaya Nias, wacana, tarian

 

ABSTRACT

This paper was prepared using a qualitative approach with a discourse analysis to review and discuss Maena dances performed at Nias traditional ceremonies in North Sumatra. Maena is a cultural dance that involves many participants. Because almost all Nias people are able to do this type of dance because it is easy to learn and has a simple movement pattern. As a cultural product, Maena is a sign of discourse with symbolic form and meaning. Thus, the analysis was carried out with the semiotics and discourse approach. As a result, Maena is not just a dance. Besides being a powerful literacy tool, Maena is also an identity within the cultural structure of the Nias tribe that is inherent in the way of life of the community, which carries moral messages for the purpose of education and paradigm transformation on the one hand and social criticism on the other. Maena fulfills the sign as a signifying order received by the people who in semiotic glasses contain expressive and emotive elements.

Keywords: Maena, Nias culture, discourse, dance


Full Text:

PDF

References


Aktulum, K. (2018). Folk linguistics. Milli Folklor, 2018(118), 5–18. https://doi.org/10.2307/542064

Alexandrovich, M. (2016). Psychology of Dance: Barthes’ Ideas and Semiotics of Dance. EUROPEAN HUMANITIES STUDIES: State and Society, 4.

Beratha, N. L. S., & Ardika, I. W. (2015). Rekonstruksi Budaya Austronesia. Retrieved from https://simdos.unud.ac.id/uploads/file_penelitian_1_dir/3e9ffa244f13a2d7fdfe965f21f22a4a.pdf

Bower, J. (2012). The language of dance. Primary Teacher Update, 2012(11), 31–32. https://doi.org/10.12968/prtu.2012.1.11.31

Budiman, K. (2018). Tindak Tutur dan Etnografi Komunikasi: Dari Austin ke Hymes. In Hamparan Wacana - Dari Praktik Ideologi, Media Hingga Kritik Poskolonial. Yogyakarta: Penerbit OMBAK.

Charles, U., & Justin, A. T. (2014). Towards the Theories and Practice of the Dance Art. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 4(4), 251–259.

Curtin, B. (2009). Semiotics and Visual Representation. 51–62.

Dhavamony, M. (2016). Fenomenologi Agama (The Phenomenology of Religion] (9th ed.). Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Djelantik, A. (1999). Estetika: Sebuah Pengantar. Bandung: Masyarakat Seni Pertunjukan Indonesia.

Erlangga, R. (2013). Ensiklopedia Seni dan Budaya Nusantara. Bekasi: MUTU.

Forestier, H., Simanjuntak, T., Guillaud, D., Driwantoro, D., Wiradnyana, K., Siregar, D., … Budiman. (2005). Le site de Tögi Ndrawa, île de Nias, Sumatra nord: Les premières traces d’une occupation hoabinhienne en grotte en Indonésie. Comptes Rendus - Palevol, 4(8), 727–733. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crpv.2005.08.004

Garang, P. J. (2007). Nias Membangun Harapan Menapak Masa Depan: Studi tentang Perubahan Sosial dan Kultural. Jakarta: Yayasan Tanggul Bencana Indonesia.

Garfinkel, Y. (2018). The Evolution of Human Dance: Courtship, Rites of Passage, Trance, Calendrical Ceremonies and the Professional Dancer. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 28(2), 283–298. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0959774317000865

Halawa, E. (2000). Si Numana Zatua Föna ba Wondrorogö. Nilam. Retrieved from http://niasonline.net/2006/12/12/si-numana-zatua-fona-ba-wondrorogo/

Haverkate, H. (1990). A speech act analysis of irony. Journal of Pragmatics, 14(1), 77–109. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-2166(90)90065-L

Hidayati, D. (2014). Unsur-unsur Eropa dalam Kesenian Nias. In Sumatera Utara: Catatan Sejarah dan Arkeologi (1st ed.). Yogyakarta: Penerbit OMBAK.

Hoed, B. H. (2014). Semiotik dan Dinamika Sosial Budaya (3rd ed.). Depok: Komunitas Bambu.

Hum, Y. C. (2013). Literature reviews. In SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology (pp. 11–45). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-4451-66-6_2

Hummel, U., & Telaumbanua, T. (2007). Cross and Adu: A Socio-Historical Study on the Encounter between Christianity and the Indigenous Culture on Nias and the Batu Islands, Indonesia (1865-1965). Universiteit Utrecht, Nederlands.

Knopf, J. W. (2006). Doing a Literature Review. PS - Political Science and Politics, Vol. 39, pp. 127–132. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049096506060264

Kusudiharjo, B. (2000). Dari Klasik Hingga Kontemporer. Yogyakarta: Padepokan Press.

Lase, E. (2016). Fa’zaumba Gahe. Retrieved from Blog website: http://liriklagu-nias.blogspot.com/2016/01/fazaumba-gahe-lirik-maena.html

Oishi, E. (2006). Austin’s Speech Act Theory and the Speech Situation. Esercizi Filosofici.

Saputra, A. (2018). Deskripsi Analitik Pertunjukan Maena dalam Upacara Adat Perkawinan Pada Masyarakat Nias di Desa Hili Waele I Kecamatan Boto Muzoi Nias Induk (Universitas Sumatera Utara). Retrieved from http://repositori.usu.ac.id/handle/123456789/10476

Sobur, A. (2016). Semiotika Komunikasi (6th ed.). Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Sulistyorini, D., & Andalas, E. F. (2017). Sastra Lisan - Kajian Teori dan Penerapannya dalam Penelitian. Malang: Madani.

Tampubolon, C. S. (2014). Maena pada Upacara Falowa di Ori Laraga Kota Gunungsitoli: analisis Tekstual, Musikal dan Tari (Universitas Sumatera Utara Medan). Retrieved from http://www.magisterseniusu.com/uploads/1/8/0/0/1800340/tesis-cathrina-sumiaty-tampubolon.pdf

Van Dijk, T. A. (1977). Context and cognition: Knowledge frames and speech act comprehension. Journal of Pragmatics, 1(3), 211–231. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-2166(77)90035-2

Van Oven, M., Hämmerle, J. M., Van Schoor, M., Kushnick, G., Pennekamp, P., Zega, I., … Kayser, M. (2011). Unexpected Island effects at an extreme: Reduced y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA diversity in Nias. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 28(4), 1349–1361. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msq300

Winchester, C. L., & Salji, M. (2016). Writing a literature review. Journal of Clinical Urology, 9(5), 308–312. https://doi.org/10.1177/2051415816650133

Wiradnyana, K. (2010). Legitimasi Kekuasaan Pada Kebudayaan Nias. Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Wiradnyana, K. (2011). Pra Sejarah Sumatera Bagian Utara: Kontribusinya pada Kebudayaan Kini. Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Zaluchu, S., & Widjaja, F. (2019). A Phenomenology Approach: Religious Significance of Mandala in Ancient Nias Culture. Proceedings of the Proceedings of the 1st Seminar and Workshop on Research Design, for Education, Social Science, Arts, and Humanities, SEWORD FRESSH 2019, April 27 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia. https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.27-4-2019.2286915

Zendrato, N. P. (2015). Teknik Vokal dan Makna Lagu Maena Dalam Acara Pernikahan Adat Nias di Desa Hilimbosi Kecamatan Sitolu Ori Kabupaten Nias Utara (Universitas Negeri Medan). Retrieved from http://digilib.unimed.ac.id/id/eprint/22350




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31000/nyimak.v4i1.2219

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Nyimak : Journal of Communication

Communication Science Study Program, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Tangerang.

Jl.Mayjen Sutoyo No.2 Kota Tangerang, Provinsi Banten, 15111 Indonesia.

journalnyimak@gmail.com

Nyimak: Journal of Communication already indexed by:

google One_search  dimention  Garudabase  crossrefScilit1  index-copernicus

Nyimak: Journal of Communication a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. © All rights reserved 2017. Nyimak: Journal of Communication (p-ISSN 2580-3803, e-ISSN 2580-3832)